Alt Ed

A new exhibition at Raven Row celebrates The Ulm Model – a pioneering approach to design education established by the Hochschule für Gestaltung, founded in 1953 by Inge Aicher-Scholl, Otl Aicher and Max Bill.

Large a271c378 0d17 48c0 81d9 864214285fab

Advertisement for Erbotherm, heat therapy unit Designers: Tomás Maldonado, with Gui Bonsiepe and Rudolf Scharfenberg 1962, Manufacturer: Erbe Elektromedizin Photo: Wolfgang Siol Courtesy HfG-Archiv / Ulmer Museum 

Design education once again finds itself in flux, under pressure from its demanding customers (aka students with crippling tuition fees) and a government with little regard for the creative industries. Add the results-driven culture within the institutions (and Brexit) to the mix and it's little wonder that existing methodologies are being questioned and alternative educational avenues explored.

In times like this we often look to the past for guidance, and Raven Row's current exhibition The Ulm Model certainly feels very timely. The Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG) in Ulm, Germany, was founded in 1953 by Inge Aicher-Scholl, Otl Aicher and Max Bill. Its pioneering interdisciplinary approach which became known as the 'Ulm Model' was a huge influence on design education around the globe. Building on the strengths of the Bauhaus, The Ulm Model was unique in the way that subjects such as politics, economics, philosophy, sociology and psychology were integrated with art, craft and technology. Students stayed for four years, and visiting lecturers included Charles and Ray Eames, Walter Gropius, Buckminster Fuller and Josef Müller-Brockmann. From 1955, the HfG was based in a striking building designed by rector Max Bill.

The mid-1950s saw HfG collaborate with manufacturer Braun on a unique new series of design-led products, along with Braun's designer Dieter Rams. Ulm students also designed everything from weighing machines to petrol cans, bed frames, kitchenware and traffic lights.

Curated by Peter Kapos, the exhibition at Raven Row includes original drawings and models made by the students, as well as a selection of the designs commissioned from the school by clients such as Lufthansa and of course Braun, displayed in some of the original (and super-rare) D 55 display units.

The Ulm Model runs at Raven Row, 56 Artillery Lane, London E1 7LS, until 18 December 2016.

ravenrow.org

Large e040cfaf d2fe 4ffd a46e 90725262af1b

TC 100. Stacking catering service Manufacturer: Rosenthal AG 1959, Product Design, diploma work Student: Hans (Nick) Roericht Photo by Wolfgang Siol Courtesy HfG-Archiv / Ulmer Museum

Large 99f31f25 8f84 42f1 a322 fc89ae85a553

Space units for residential buildings Students: Bernd Meurer and Willi Ramstein Instructor: Herbert Ohl 1961, Industrialised Building Photo by Roland Fürst Courtesy HfG-Archiv / Ulmer Museum

Large 50509f10 c3b7 4878 a9e3 644333cf8502

Precision balance Student: Gerda Müller-Krauspe Instructors: Hans Gugelot, Walter Zeischegg and Georg Leowal